Donnerstag, 27. April 2017

WCC / ÖRK - Ökumenischer Rat der Kirchen und Al-Azhar-Universität: Der Dialog kommt voran

News from the World Council of Churches

Day of Muslim-Christian dialogue 
unfolds in Egypt

Day of Muslim-Christian dialogue unfolds in Egypt
Photo: Marianne Ejdersten/WCC
Apr 26, 2017
The second meeting of a delegation of the Muslim Council of Elders led by the Grand Imam of Al-Azhar, His Eminence Professor Dr Ahmad Al-Tayyeb, and a delegation of the World Council of Churches (WCC) led by Dr Agnes Abuom, Moderator of the Central Committee of the WCC and Rev Dr Olav Fykse Tveit, general secretary, took place at Al Azhar, Cairo, Egypt, 26 April. Dr Al-Tayyeb opened the gathering by welcoming the World Council of Churches to this important meeting which was taking place at a critical time in the history of the Middle East and the world.
The WCC general secretary offered public remarks, along with Bishop Angaelos, general bishop of the Coptic Orthodox Church in the United Kingdom, and Prof. Dr Heidi Hadsell, president of Hartford Seminary, Connecticut, United States.
Tveit reflected that, together, Christians and Muslims represent about half the world’s population. “So as we are here, we are not talking about only ourselves,” he said. “We are talking about humanity in many ways. We should address these questions from a basic theological perspective. What does it mean to believe today in one God that created the one humanity?”
He also emphasized that, because we are accountable to God, we have to see how that leads to an accountability to every human being. “This is our mutual accountability to one another, to every human being, whatever belief or non-belief we have,” he said. “I think this is a very important reflection, working jointly toward equal citizenship. It is not only a political or a legal principle; it is also a principle that expresses our deepest faith in one God creating the one humanity.”
Prof. Al Tayyeb said “Citizenship and peaceful co-existence are the greatest challenges that have to be focused on and built upon to counter fanaticism, terrorism and baseless theological claims and conceptualizations. He added "Citizenship is the major guarantee for achieving absolute equality in rights and duties.”
Al-Tayyeb was chosen as Grand Imam of the Al Azhar mosque in Cairo 2010 and is an outspoken advocate for religious dialogue and peace as well as a strong critic of religious extremism.
Bishop Angaelos noted the difference between reactive and proactive leadership. “We ourselves are being very reactive,” he said, “and reactive leadership is good in times of crisis. It is good to solve problems: we have a crisis, we have an attack, we try to solve it. But what we need is a proactive leadership - a leadership that looks beyond the problem and tries to address the future.”
Bishop Angaelos  asked: “Where would we like to be in five years, 10 years, the next generation? Let us address the whole world together instead of just speaking to ourselves.”
Prof. Hadsell discussed ways leaders can promote citizenship and co-existence from a Christian perspective.
“God’s vision of what should be in our human social world has been described and understood in many ways,” she said.
“The moral nature of the vision includes a shared sense of the dignity of every being; just relations within communities and between communities and peoples; the recognition of the intrinsic worth of every human being so that all human beings are viewed as ends in themselves, created by God, and not as means to an end.”
The capacity to cross borders and boundaries, including especially the boundaries of religious communities, has been one of the most important attributes of leadership in the histories of our communities and remains so today, she continued.
“For without the capacity to see commonalities in the other, and to cross boundaries to build relationships with the other, one cannot construct peaceful interactions and co-existence between peoples of different communities.”
Representatives of each of the WCC member churches in Egypt also attended the day of dialouge, which precedes an International Conference on Peace organised by Al Azhar. Participants also visited the Coptic Cathedral and the Anglican Church in the heart of Old Cairo. Pope Francis is expected to address the conference on 28 April.

Media contacts:
Please contact WCC director of communication Marianne Ejdersten:, +41 79 507 63 63
(also available in Arabic)

The World Council of Churches promotes Christian unity in faith, witness and service for a just and peaceful world. An ecumenical fellowship of churches founded in 1948, today the WCC brings together 348 Protestant, Orthodox, Anglican and other churches representing more than 550 million Christians in over 120 countries, and works cooperatively with the Roman Catholic Church. The WCC general secretary is the Rev. Dr Olav Fykse Tveit, from the [Lutheran] Church of Norway.

Media contact: +41 79 507 6363;
Our visiting address is:
World Council of Churches

Montag, 17. April 2017

Der furchtbare Krieg in Syrien seit 2011 ---- Die Folge: Millionen Flüchtlinge (aktualisiert !)

Ethnisch-religiöse Situation in Syrien
Quelle: Syria Ethno-religious compositionby Institute
for the Study of War - aus:

Der Arabische Frühling hatte auch in Syrien Hoffnungen aufkeimen lassen. Aber nun schon mehrere Jahre ist brutale Gewalt zum Alltag im Lande geworden. Unermessliches Leid trifft die Bevölkerung. Millionen sind innerhalb des Landes auf der Flucht oder sind in die Nachbarländer geflohen. Besonders der Libanon, Jordanien und die Türkei tun schier Unmögliches zur Aufnahme der Flüchtlinge.

Dramatische Zahlen (2017) 
  • Libanon: 450.000 Flüchtlinge aus Palästina und dem Irak, 2 Millionen registrierte Flüchtlinge aus Syrien seit 2011  - Einwohnerzahl: 4,5 Millionen
  • Jordanien:  ca. 1 Million Füchtlinge - Einwohnerzahl: 9 Millionen
  • Türkei: ca. 2,7 Millionen Flüchtlinge - Einwohnerzahl: 80 Millionen
Maronitische St. Elias-Kirche
in Aleppo (2007 !) - aus Wikipedia
Religiöse und ethnische Minderheiten sind am meisten betroffen und drohen in diesem Krieg völlig zerrieben zu werden.

Weitere Informationen

--- Die gefährdete Zukunft der Armenier
     in Syrien und in der Levante
(NZZ 14.04.2014)

--- Berichte mit einer Chronologie des Bürgerkriegs in Syrien
                                   (fr-online vom 28.08.2013 mit Bildergalerie)

--- Das Drama um Maaula und das Thekla-Kloster (La Vie, 11.03.2014)

--- Die dunkle Seite der Assad-Beraterin Bouthaina Shaaban
(The Star, Toronto, 31.01.14)

--- Aufruf von Papst Franziskus zu einem Gebetstag für Syrien (07.09.13)

Der gewaltlose Widerstand der Frauen
--- Voices of Syrian women in civil resistance

(Nada Alwadi in Open Democracy vom 27.09.2013)


Samstag, 15. April 2017

Maghreb, Mittelost und Süd(-Ost)-Asien: Terror und die Bedrohung religiöser und ethnischer Minderheiten (aktualisiert)

Durch die Revolutionen im Nahen Osten, besonders in Ägypten und durch den Bürgerkrieg in Syrien sowie die brutal-fundamentalistischen IS-Kämpfer im Irak hat sich die Lage für die dortigen Christen beunruhigend zugespitzt. Ähnliches gilt auch für Pakistan und weitere Staaten Südasiens, z.B. Malaysia und selbst Indonesien.
So haben die Verfolgung und Ermordung von Christen und anderen Minderheitenen  ein bisher nicht gekanntes Ausmaß erreicht.
In Indien verstärkt  der Hindu-Nationalismus den Druck auf die anderen religiösen Traditionen, besonders den Islam und das Christentum.

Es ist schwer abzuschätzen, wie sich das Jahrhunderte lange oft friedliche und gastfreundliche multireligiöse Zusammenleben in den afrikanischen und asiatischen Gesellschaften weiter entwickeln wird. Besonders durch die Bürgerkriege und die Expansion des sog. Islamischen Staats (IS) und verwandter Milizen sind der gesamte Mittlere Osten, Teile Nordafrikas und der Subsahara-Gebiete destabilisiert.

1. Der sog. Islamische Staat - Bedrohung und Gewaltexzesse
2. Länder und Regionen (A - Z)
3. Hintergrundinformationen: Naher und Mittlerer Osten




--- Pulverfass Naher Osten - Der Abgrund der arabischen Welt
    (NZZ online, 13.02.2017)



Von den Anfängen bis heute, vgl. Wikipedia: Palästinakonflikt.



3. Hintergrundinformationen: